The Traditional Settlements of the People in Arewa

 The Traditional Settlements of the People in Arewa

Arewa, meaning "The North"  talks about the northern part of Nigeria. The words Arewa and Arewacin Nijeriya means "north" and "Northern Nigeria" . They point to the literal region located north of the River Niger. Arewa firstly appertained to the region of Nigeria known as the Northern Region previous to 1967. There were just seven Hausa countries located then, along with a number of other ethnical groupings, before it changed its name to the Northern Nigeria Authority under British social control, it was the Sokoto Caliphate.

Currently, after Nigeria gained independence, the term" Arewa" is used to relate to the country's entire north. It is just a short form of" Northern Nigeria." The goal of some associations, like Arewa House and the Arewa Consultative Forum, is to maintain the concinnity of the Hausa/ Fulani people in the north. Which their goal is unity and influence within Nigeria, not independence from it. Thus, in the federal state, the term "Arewa" has come to derive measures for acquiring cultural and political authority.


Preserving Culture Through Traditional Settlements

Traditional settlements are unique places that are an essential part of the cultural diversity that the government values within the Arewa cultural lifestyle. thus, the government created a separate ministry in 1999 to look after our distinct artistic and tourism capabilities, which was latterly renamed the Ministry of Tourism, Culture, and National Orientation.


Nigeria's culture is a mix of many languages and groups. The three main groups mostly (Muslim Hausa, Fulani in the north), then (Christian Igbo in the south-east), and also a mix of (Islam and Christianity among the Yoruba in the southwest), this actually shows how different but united we are. The Edo people are mostly Christian, with some following unique beliefs. In the coastal southeast, there are mainly Christian Ibibio/Annang/Efik communities and the Ijaw people of the Niger Delta. Other groups, often called 'minorities,' are spread across the country, especially in the middle belt and north. This mix of cultures shows how diverse Nigeria is, with different beliefs blending with Christian practices. The government combined the Ministry of Culture and Tourism with the Ministry of Information in 2015, showing how important culture is in Nigeria, now all in the Ministry of Information, Culture, and Tourism. Traditional settlements play a big role in keeping these cultures alive.



Understanding Arewa's Geography

In Arewa the Northern Nigerian, base on my research it's really important to completely understand the terrain of this region. Arewa is separated into regions, each of which has a distinct traditional community. The Federal Capital Territory( FCT), the northeast, the northwest, and also northcentral regions. The traditional communities with a rich artistic heritage, similar as Kano and Sokoto, can be set up in the northwest. Also the literal Kano City Walls and other milestones enhance the region's artistic appeal where Maiduguri and Bauchi in the northeast have unique traditional agreements secured by geographies designed by the Jos Plateau and the Chad Basin. The north-central region, of which Abuja is the Federal Capital Territory, is a center that has colorful agreements, told by the Niger River and driven by the Gurara Falls and Aso Rock. From the Sahel Savannah in the north to the lesser tropical settings in the central and southern regions of Arewa, traditional agreements in each area come linked with the natural features. terrain of Northern Nigeria( Arewa) The Northern Nigeria's loftiest point is Chappal Waddi, which stands at 2,419 measures in Gasha Gumti, Taraba State. The Niger and Benue gutters, which meet in Kabba fiefdom and flow south to the Atlantic Ocean, form the region.

The north-central region, of which Abuja is the Federal Capital Territory, is a center that has various settlements, influenced by the Niger River and driven by the Gurara Falls and Aso Rock. From the Sahel Savannah in the north to the greater tropical settings in the central and southern regions of Arewa, traditional settlements in each area become linked with the natural features.


Geography of Northern Nigeria (Arewa)

The Northern Nigeria's highest point is Chappal Waddi, which stands at 2,419 meters in Gasha Gumti, Taraba State. The Niger and Benue rivers, which meet in Kabba province and flow south to the Atlantic Ocean, form the region.

Big valleys indicate those landscapes between the Niger and Benue rivers in the southern region. The Mambilla Plateau, the highest plateau in northern Nigeria at 1,350 meters above sea level is marked by hills and mountains, it stretches southeast of the Benue River toward the border with Cameroon. Hausaland is primarily covered by the Great Plains, wide savanna belt, which receives 20 to 60 inches of rain per year. The Sahel, Guinean forest savanna mosaic, and Sudan savanna are all parts of this savanna zone. In the Guinean forest savanna mosaic, from my research, there are lot tall grass plains with lots of trees there, while the Sudan savanna has shorter grass and trees.


In the Sahel, an area that gets just less than 20 inches of rain per year, the Sahara Desert continues to grow closer, in the dry northeast corner is Lake Chad, which is surrounded by Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. The southwest of the region, which includes Ogidi, Iyamoye, and Iyara, they has a stretch of Guinea savannah scattered with deep forests. This region, which is widely known for producing cash crops like cocoa and coffee, has rain patterns that are comparable to those of the southern protectorate's forested areas.


Journey Through Arewa's History

Let's go back in time again in to hear Arewa's story, in which Arewa peoples fashioned its history. In the 7th century, individuals moved from Gaya to Kano's Dalla Hill, starting the early Hausa groups. The Hausa Bakwai kingdoms advanced among the 7th and 11th centuries due to the fact they have been skilled with iron. Daura, Hausaland's oldest town, plays an important position in Arewa's tale. The Bayajidda Legend revolves across the Kingdom of Daura, the primary Hausa Bakwai to stand out after the Usman dan Fodio Jihad in 1804.


When Sokoto became important at some stage in the 19th-century Usman Dan Fodio Islamic reform, Katsina, an area for Hausa Islamic mastering, changed too. Different companies like the Fula, Zarma, Songhai, Kanuri, Shuwa Arabs, Tuareg, Gur, Gonja, Gwari, Mandinka, Bambara, Dioula, Soninke, and more are related to Hausa history. Big areas and alternate routes made people from special cultures meet.Kano's big business reached from the Sahel to the Atlantic coast, influencing many regions and organizations. The Hausa tradition showed its capability to adjust through spreading southward. Arewa's history consists of Islamic Shari'a law, displaying its numerous origins. The unique mosaic in Arewa's conventional locations today comes from human beings moving, memories, and sharing cultures.


 Read Also:


Different Types Of Old Traditional Houses In Arewa (With Pictures)


Traditional Occupation of the Arewa People


Arewa's Traditional Homes

In Arewa's traditional communities, the kind ways they build houses display a mix of their culture and their environment. Long ago, from story from our grand parents, they told us that, the way the Hausa people build houses in Hausaland was fashioned by what materials and substances they had around. Just like me now, when i was young i use to see my brothers beating big stones to make them small and then mix them with mud to form a room then later put colors on it to make it beautiful. Arewa people used bricks made from red laterite soil to build walls and roofs. These houses had a square shape and were part of a style called Sudanese architecture.



Those buildings were not just single houses, they were compounds wherein big households and big families lived together. The houses inside the compound had round and cone-like shapes. This form of living became essential for households and family with many wives and children, following their cultural and Islamic practices that valued privateness. The entrance to those compounds, known as Zaure, was not only a doorway – it was additionally an area for making things and inviting guests.

Their religion, Islam or let me say Our religion, influenced the constructing of unique systems just like the antique Zaria mosque. This mosque had special capabilities like molded dust vaults and domes. The houses in Arewa also were not just plain, they were decorated with ornaments and symbols made from mud, adding different and one of a kind colors to the walls. So, in Arewa, how they build houses is not just about construction, it tells stories of their tradition, family connections, and the strong have an impact on of their religion.


In conclusion, Arewa is essential in Nigeria as it has a groovy history and plenty of different cultures. The authorities, with the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, emphasizes the value of this heritage. From Kano's historic walls to unique settlements in the northeast, Arewa's regions showcase distinct features, people shifting around a long time ago and sharing with nearby organizations make Arewa's history interesting. In these cities, special homes tell stories about subculture and Islam. Festivals and traditions strengthen the community bonds, preserving Nigeria's diverse cultural legacy. 
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